1998-1999 of release
Repair and car operation
- Honda Accord brand cars
Identification numbers of the car
Acquisition of spare parts
Technology of service, tool and workplace equipment
Poddomkrachivaniye and towage
Security system of an audio equipment
Engine start from the auxiliary power supply
Automobile himikaliya, oils and greasings
Diagnostics of malfunctions of knots and car systems
- Governing bodies and operation receptions
Elements of systems of safety of the car
Car equipment, arrangement of devices and governing bodies
+ Settings and routine maintenance
+ Systems of cooling, heating
+ Power supply system and release
+ engine Electric equipment
+ Engine management
+ gear shifting Box
+ Coupling and power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Onboard electric equipment
+ electric equipment Schemes
Main cautionsThe Honda car will provide to the owner optimum characteristics and will show high operational qualities on roads with a good and equal covering. It is promoted by a small road gleam and low-profile tires.
Be careful at movement on rough roads and unpaved roads. Trips on them can lead to damage of a suspension bracket and/or the car bottom. Show care when moving via special limiters of speed ("the lying policeman") which settle down directly on a roadbed, - their overcoming is at great speed also fraught with serious damages of a suspension bracket and/or the bottom.
In order to avoid damage of a front or rear bumper, be careful at congress from bordyurny stones and ramps / аппарелей trailers. Remember that the low suspension bracket does dangerous to this car въездна borders even usual height.
Running in of the new carTo provide reliability and durability of the car in operation, throughout the first 600 km of run it is necessary to adhere to the following rules:
a) Do not get under way from a place on full gas, avoid sharp dispersals;
b) Do not brake too sharply. Normal extra earnings of new brake shoes occurs throughout run in 300 km during which it is necessary to brake, whenever possible, smoothly and with average intensity.
5 After repair or engine replacement, and also after replacement of brake shoes it is necessary to observe similar restrictions and recommendations.
Type of applied fuelFor KY updatings:
The engine of the car is calculated a naekspluatatsiya on etilirovanny gasoline with octane number 92 or above. Use of unleaded gasoline with octane number 92 or is higher also is admissible.
For all updatings, except KY:
Operation of cars with engines 1.6, 1.8 and 2.0 of l should be made on unleaded gasoline with octane number not below 95 (on a research method - AI).
With the engine of 2.2 l it is necessary to apply unleaded fuel to filling of cars with octane number not below 98 (AI). Situations when gasoline with the demanded octane number is absent on filling are possible. In these cases it is possible to apply gasoline with octane number 95. The control system of the engine adapts it for the used gasoline, however some decrease in the developed capacity as a result of such replacement becomes inevitable.
Car operation on etilirovanny gasoline can lead to failure of the catalytic converter, the engine. It is worth to remember also about an environmental pollution factor.
Filling of a fuel tank
The refueling mouth топливногобака is located on the left side of aвтомобиля therefore to approach on a toplivorazdatochny column at filling station follows the left board.
Screw a cover on a refueling mouth of a fuel tank and properly tighten it, - not less than two clicks of a clamp of a cover should be heard.
Close the hatch and press it for a zashchelkivaniye of a clamp of the lock.
Make sure of reliability of fixing of the lock of a cowl.
Control of level of engine oilThe description of procedure of check of level of oil is provided in Head of Control and routine maintenance of the real Management.
Control of level of cooling liquid of the engine
The description of procedure of check of level of cooling liquid is provided in Head of Control and routine maintenance of the real Management.
Valve of an emergency shutdown of supply of fuel
Transportation of goods in the car
The car is equipped with several capacities intended for placement of transported subjects.
Large-sized subjects should be placed in a luggage compartment of the car. Transportation of lengthy subjects becomes possible thanks to a harmonious design of backs of a back seat.
It is necessary to remember, however, that the wrong transportation of cargoes can negatively affect controllability and stability of the car and, therefore, to reduce safety. Before transporting this or that cargo in the car, familiarize with information provided below.
Transportation of goods
Maximum loading capacity of the car
Transportation of goods in car salon
Reliably fix all placed in car salon subjects, in order to avoid their shift in case of a road accident.
Do not place крупногабаритныепредметы on the back shelf of salon, - they narrow to the driver sector of the review and can be dumped forward at collision sharp braking.
Be convinced of that the subjects laid on a floor behind forward seats, cannot be rolled forward and under no circumstances are not capable to prevent to manipulate freely to the driver management pedals, and also cannot break correctness of adjustment of provision of forward seats.
Hold a ware box during movement by the closed.
Transportation of goods in a luggage compartment or on a luggage carrier established on a roof of the car
Try to distribute cargo evenly, placing luggage possibly closer to seats. Heavy cargoes always should settle down from below, on a floor of a luggage compartment. Reliably fix transported subjects a strong cord that they could not be displaced under way the car. Never stack luggage above level of backs of forward seats.
In transit large-sized or lengthy subjects at the combined back seats, try to fix reliably them a strong cord to prevent cargo shift during emergency braking of the car. Do not stack luggage above level of backs of seats in order to avoid reduction of sector of the review to the driver.
The description of operations of folding of backs of back seats and installation them in a starting position is provided in the Section the car Equipment, an arrangement of devices and governing bodies.
In need of transportation of the lengthy subjects, not allowing to close a door a bagazhnogootdeleniye back/cover, remember that the fulfilled gases of the engine can get to salon of the car, - carry out the appropriate measures of precaution (see. Section Elements of systems of safety of the car).
At cargo placement on a luggage carrier established on a roof of the car, track, that the cumulative mass of luggage did not exceed admissible value. For obtaining more detailed information address on Honda company car repair shop.
Cock the parking brake.
At low temperature of air switch off everything auxiliary consumers of electric energy to reduce load of the storage battery.
On equipped RKPP models squeeze out a coupling pedal against the stop and include neutral transfer.
On models with AT make sure that the lever of the selector is established in position of "R" or "N" and squeeze out a pedal of a foot brake.
Without squeezing out a gas pedal, turn a key in the ignition lock in the provision of "START" (III) and include a starter. If the engine was not started at once, continue to scroll a cranked shaft a starter, remembering that duration of continuous functioning of a starter should not exceed 15 seconds. Repeated attempt of start should be made not less than ten seconds later, - the pause is necessary for cooling of the electromotor of a starter.
If the engine does not manage to be started at continuous work of a starter within 15 seconds, or the started engine at once глохнет, попытайтес to execute start at the pedal of gas squeezed out to a half. After successful start of the engine release a pedal of gas to avoid sharp increase of turns.
If to start the engine still it is not possible, completely squeeze out a pedal of gas and hold her in the pressed situation during the whole time of functioning of a starter, is will help to remove the superfluous fuel which has got to the inlet pipeline and cylinders of the engine. Duration of continuous work of a starter, as well as in the previous cases, should not exceed 15 seconds. If the engine is not started after a purge of cylinders, once again try to start it at partially squeezed out pedal of gas. Right after implementation of start release a pedal of Feature of start of the engine in xoлoдную weather in the conditions of highlands (you сота above sea level more than 2400 m)
At low temperature of air start of the engine is at a loss. In the conditions of highlands where air is strongly discharged, start of the engine becomes complicated in addition. Instructions which is necessary for following at engine start in paссматриваемых conditions below are provided.
Switch off everything auxiliary consumers of electric energy to reduce load of the storage battery.
Squeeze out to a half a pedal of gas hold her in this situation during the whole time of a prokruchivaniye of a cranked shaft of the engine of a starter. Duration of continuous inclusion of a starter should not exceed 15 seconds. After implementation of successful start of the engine gradually release a gas pedal, without allowing substantial increase of turns.
If the engine is not started, squeeze out a gas pedal against the stop and hold her in the pressed situation during the whole time of functioning of a starter. Duration of continuous work of a starter, as well as in the previous case, should not exceed 15 seconds. If the engine still is not started, repeat the attempt described above.
At negative temperature of air or if the car was not used within several days, let's to the engine get warm within 3-4 minutes, after it begin movement.
Five-step manual box of gear shifting
For ensuring smooth and unaccented switching all transfers of a forward course are synchronized. In a transmission there is a blocking device which excludes possibility of direct switching from the fifth transfer on backing transfer. When switchings transmission "up" (on the highest steps) or "down" (on the lowest steps) completely switch off coupling. After transfer of the lever of switching of a transmission to the provision of the following transfer smoothly release a coupling pedal. During movement to the chosen transfer completely remove a foot from a coupling pedal in order to avoid premature wear of components of the mechanism of the last.
Include backing transfer only after a full stop of the car. Attempt include a reverse under way can to lead to serious damage of a transmission. Before inclusion of a reverse gear completely switch off coupling and sustain short (in some seconds) a pause. Remark: Instead of a pause it is possible to make short inclusion of one of forward transfers. The described receptions of inclusion of a backing allow to prevent shock inclusion of a reverse gear because of residual rotation of gear wheels.
For delay of the car it is possible to use braking by the engine, having switched a transmission to one of the lowered steps. Braking by the engine allows to supervise speed of movement of the car at safe level and prevents an overheat of brake mechanisms at movement on long descents with a considerable bias. Switch a transmission to the lowered steps consistently, in process of decrease in speed, that not a dopustitprevysheniye of the most admissible frequency of rotation of a cranked shaft of the engine on a tachometer. The arrow of a tachometer should not come into a red zone of a scale. In all cases it is necessary to be guided by values of the maximum admissible speed of the car on the corresponding transfers (see below).
The recommended moments of gear shifting
Try to move on the highest transfer, обеспечивающейв specific road conditions normal functioning of the engine at uniform movement and possibility of smooth dispersal of the car. Following of this recommendation will provide high profitability of the car and effective work of system of neutralization of the fulfilled gases. At gear shiftings be guided by the data provided in Specifications.
The most admissible speeds of movement of the car on various transfers
In Specifications the maximum admissible speeds of movement of the car on various transfers are given. At excess of the specified values of speed, the shooter of a tachometer will come into a red zone of a scale, specifying on it is inadmissible high frequency of rotation of a cranked shaft of the engine. Thus the electronic block of a control system starts to limit to the engine turns of a cranked shaft, reducing supply of fuel that it is possible to feel it on power setting change. Operation of the engine is normalized, as soon as the arrow of a tachometer leaves a red zone of a scale.
In order to avoid engine breakage before transfer switching, be convinced that the arrow of a tachometer does not exceed the most admissible speed of movement on this transfer and is not in a red zone of a scale.
On cars of the Honda brand the four-stage hydromechanical automatic transmission with the blocked hydrotransformer and an electronic and hydraulic control system is established. The control system of a transmission provides timely and smooth switching of all steps of a forward course. Blocking of the hydrotransformer improves fuel profitability of the car. On subjective feelings inclusion of a blocking friction clutch of the hydrotransformer similar to usual switching of a step of a transmission.
Indicators of position of the selector of switching of ranges
Positions of the lever of the selector of ranges
When switching ranges of an automatic transmission move the lever along a directing groove. The lever of switching of ranges is blocked in the situation "R" if the ignition key will turn in the situation "LOCK" (0) or "ASS" (I). In this case the conclusion of the lever of an izpolozheniye of "R" is impossible even when squeezing a brake pedal.
Situation "R". In this position of the lever of the selector of ranges the secondary shaft of transmission is mechanically blocked. Always transfer the lever the selector радиапазонов to the situation "R" at switching off or engine start. To deduce the lever of the selector of ranges from the situation "R", it is necessary to squeeze out a brake pedal, previously having released a gas pedal. Reject the lever of the selector of ranges to the right and deduce it from the situation "R".
If after performance of all listed above actions still it is not possible to deduce the lever from the situation "R", it is necessary to unblock it, following the instructions stated below.
In order to avoid breakage of AT transfer the lever to the situation "R" only after a full stop of the car. Remark: Key extraction from the lock of ignition becomes possible only after transfer of the lever of the selector in the situation "R".
Situation "R". Receptions of management by the lever of the selector of ranges at its transfer to the situation "R" (Zadniykhod) from the situation "R" are described above. Turning on of the lever in the situation "R" from the situation "N" (Neutral) make only after a full stop of the car.
Automatic transmission is equipped with the special safety device which does not allow to move the lever to the provision of "R" if speed of the car exceeds value of 10-12 km/h casually.
If the backing does not join after a full stop of the car, squeeze out a brake pedal and slowly move the lever of the selector of ranges at first to the situation "N", then in the situation "R".
At malfunction of the safety device, and also at disconnected from an onboard network or the discharged storage battery to include a range of a backing it is impossible. In this case it is necessary to remove blocking of inclusion of a range of a backing.
The situation "N", Use the situation "N" (Neutral) at start of the decayed engine under way the car and at short stops of the car with working engine. If for any reason it is necessary for you to depart from the car, previously transfer the lever of the selector of ranges to the situation "R" (Parking). At a lever conclusion of the situation "N" squeeze out a pedal of a foot brake.
Situation "D4". In this situation the lever of the selector of ranges should be constantly at car movement in normal road conditions. In a range "D4" (Movement) is provided automatic gear shifting of a forward course depending on speed of the car and degree of pressing an accelerator pedal. During car movement you can notice that automatic switchings on the highest transfers occurs later, that is at higher speeds of movement if the engine of the car is yet heated-up to normal working temperature. It provides faster warming up of the engine.
Mode of manual gear shifting. If the lever of the selector of ranges is in the situation "D4", there is a possibility of inclusion of a manual mode of gear shifting. In this mode of transfer are switched by means of the same lever as it becomes on the models equipped with RKPP, but without use of a pedal of management by coupling. To include a manual mode of gear shifting, move the lever from the situation "D4" to the left (towards a driver's seat). The transmission comes back to automatic control mode at return moving of the lever to the right (towards a passenger seat).
When moving the lever of switching of ranges to the situation corresponding to manual control mode by a transmission, on the dashboard the indicator of the transfer included at present lights up. For example, if the fourth transfer is included, on the right an otindikator of "D4" figure "4".При the subsequent gear shiftings in a manual mode of the indication of the indicator will be highlighted will change as appropriate. If to include manual control mode by a transmission on the standing car, the first transfer automatically will join, and in a display window figure "1" will be highlighted.
The start of motion and dispersal of the car will occur on the first transfer, then it is necessary to include manually the second and the subsequent transfers. At manual control mode by a transmission it is necessary to watch on a tachometer that limiting admissible turns of the engine were not exceeded. In the course of car dispersal in due time include adjacent highest transfers, without allowing calling of an arrow of a tachometer in a red zone of a scale.
If the driver does not press the lever of the selector of ranges, the transmission will work at the same step (1, 2, the 3rd or the 4th), without switchings. At complete squeezing of a pedal of gas of switching of a transmission also do not occur.
In manual control mode by a transmission it is provided vozmozhnostyavtomatichesky switching of transmission with the fourth on the third передачув the following cases:
a) Speed of the car fell ниже27 km/h.
If for removal of blocking of the lever of the selector of ranges it was necessary to use the reception described above, a possible cause of infringement is malfunction of transmission. Address on Honda company car repair shop for check and car repairs.
The brake way of the equipped ABS car can exceed a little habitual for models with usual brake system. Told especially considerably at movement on fragile and rough pavings (gravel, snow). At movement in similar road conditions lower speed and increase a distance to ahead going vehicle.
Joint inclusion of control lamps of ABS and refusals brake systems/raisings of the parking brake also means shutdown of function of regulation of brake effort that указываетна existence of malfunctions both in ABS, and in brake system. Thus brake system of the car продолжитобеспечивать rather adequate braking of the car, however it is necessary to avoid sharp squeezing of a pedal of a foot brake. Immediately address on the next car repair shop.
The full mass of the trailer including its own weight and mass of cargo placed in it, should not exceed limiting admissible weight of the towed trailer (see. Specifications).predelny admissible mass of the trailer depends on that, it is equipped with brake mechanisms, or not.
The maximum vertical load of the hook-on device of the car at full mass of the trailer should not exceed 50 kgfs. For trailers with full weight to 500 kg it is necessary to adhere to the following rule: vertical load of a turnbuckle should make about 10 % from full weight of the trailer. For example, if the full mass of the trailer with cargo is equal 225 kg, vertical load of the hook-on device should make about 22.5 kgfs. Adjust load of a car turnbuckle, as appropriate placing cargo on the trailer. For a start it is recommended to place cargo so that about 60 % of its weight were ahead of a trailer axis, and 40 % - behind. If the full mass of the trailer exceeds 500 kg, try to distribute cargo on length of the trailer more evenly. Never load the trailer so that the back part of the trailer outweighed a lobby, is brings to разгрузк ezadny wheels of the car that worsens coupling of tires with a paving.
Full masses of the car and the towed trailer should not exceed the corresponding maximum admissible values (see. Specifications).
The design of the hook-on device intended for installation on your car should meet completely to all necessary requirements, in case of need consult at Honda company car repair shop.
The hook-on device should fasten in several specially provided points on the basis of a car body that loadings from the towed trailer were distributed more evenly and fell on elements of strengthening of a body. It is forbidden to mount the hook-on devices leaning only on a rear bumper which is not intended for perception of similar loads on the car. Installation of a turnbuckle should be made by car-care center qualified personnel.
Towage of the large-sized trailer (Caravan type) usually demands installation on the car of additional rear-view mirrors with the extended arms. Specify requirements of the local legislation and the Traffic regulations, concerning towages of trailers by cars. Attach the trailer to the car and estimate extent of deterioration of the back review through standard rear-view mirrors. If the review unsatisfactory, for reasons of safety it is necessary to equip the special mirrors, providing to the driver the adequate review of space behind the car.
Connection of the trailer to the car
If you are going to get the trailer equipped with brake mechanisms, be convinced that they have an electric drive of management, the design of a hydraulic drive of working brake system of your car does not provide connection possibility to it any additional contours, in particular, for actuating of brake mechanisms of the trailer. Any way of accession to a brake hydraulic actuator of the car of brake system of the trailer, what attractive it would not seem, will lead to deterioration of efficiency of braking of the car and decrease in traffic safety.
Attaching the trailer to the car, always use a safety chain. The ends of a safety chain should be reliably fixed to the corresponding places on дышле the trailer and on the hook-on device of the car. Track, that the chain passed under dyshly the trailer, is will prevent falling of the forward end дышла on the road in case of a hitch rassoyedineniye. The free length of a chain should be sufficient not to disturb commission of turns of a road train with the minimum radiuses, however, it is not necessary to allow chain drawings on the ground.
Devices of external lighting and the alarm system on the trailer
As on trailers the razlichnykhmarok can be used various laying of electroconducting, it is necessary to charge the equipment of a turnbuckle to specialists of car-care center. In certain cases installation of a transitional nozzle (adapter) can be demanded.
Before connecting trailer electric equipment to the car power supply network, surely consult at car repair shop.
Preparation for trailer towage
Before a start of motion it is necessary to make control survey and car and trailer check.
Measure the vertical loading falling on the hook-on device, - use usual floor scales.
Check reliability of fastening дышла the trailer and a safety chain.
Check a technical condition of tires and pressure of air in tires on the car and the trailer. The lowered pressure of air in tires considerably worsens controllability of the car and a road train. At the same time check a condition and pressure of air in a spare wheel.
Having completely loaded and having attached the trailer to the car, make sure of lack of excessive "prosedaniye" of a back part of the car, - in case of need remove superfluous cargo from the car/trailer.
Check serviceability of functioning of devices of external lighting and the alarm system on the car and the trailer.
Specify operating restrictions of traffic regulations on the maximum speed of movement of a road train as a part of the car and the trailer. Planning to make a trip on several countries, in advance familiarize with features of local requirements and the restrictions concerning towage of the trailer with the car as in each country the restrictions can operate. Remark: In the European countries restriction of speed of movement of a road train as a part of the car and the trailer is established at level of 100 km/h.
Security measures at trailer towage
It is necessary to consider that the brake way of the car towing the trailer, increases. Therefore, moving with the trailer, you should support the increased distance to ahead going car. Try to avoid sharp braking and turns. It can lead to folding of a road train or even a trailer perevorachivaniye.
Remember that the length of a road train considerably exceeds length of the single car. At turn to the right leave between edge of a carriageway and wheels of the right board of the car the bigger distance, than usually is considerable to avoid arrival by trailer wheels on a border. Consider that at road train turn the trailer moves on an arch of smaller radius, than the car, and can run or face an obstacle which the car freely passed. When overtaking other vehicle do not hurry up to come back to the row as it can lead to collision of the overtaken car with the trailer.
The road train, in comparison with the single car, is more sensitive to action of rushes of a lateral wind and aerodynamic indignations from other cars. If you are overtaken at great speed by the heavy truck or a road train, try to support rectilinear and uniform movement of the car. To reduce the aerodynamic indignations operating on a road train from ahead going car, lower speed to leave a turbulent stream.
At trailer towage load of all main units and systems of the car increases. Therefore at frequent use of the car for towage of the trailer it is necessary to carry out periodic maintenance of the car according to regulations, characteristic for intense service conditions (see. Head of Control and routine maintenance).
Additional load of the car even more increases at road train operation in the hilly district. When overcoming long liftings watch closely a temperature mode of the engine according to the strelochny index on a control panel. At approach of an arrow of the index to an overheat zone, switch off the air conditioner (if it is equipped and included) and continue movement. If the temperature of cooling liquid of the engine does not decrease, or continues to raise, stop on a roadside of the road and let's to the engine cool down. Remark: The conditioner of air should be switched off also at prompt increase in speed on descent at movement in a hilly or hilly terrain. If the temperature of cooling liquid of the engine constantly raises at movement on the second transfer, reduce speed of movement below a mark of 60 km/h.
At movement in a hilly or hilly terrain cyclic switching of the third and fourth transfers of automatic transmission can be observed. In this case it is necessary to pass to the lowered range of "D3" that will prevent an overheat and excessive wear of details of the frictional elements AT. In order to avoid an overheat of brake mechanisms at movement on long descents спользуйте braking by the engine. For effective braking by the engine include the lowered range or one of the lowest steps of an automatic transmission.
At a road train stop on lifting do not hold it on a place by pressing of a pedal of gas, is can lead to AT overheat. Use working brake system or the parking brake.
At management of automatic transmission in a manual mode use the third, second and first transfers, being conformed to speed of movement of the car and road conditions. Towing the trailer, do not include the fourth transfer. Recommended high-speed ranges are given in Specifications for use of various steps of a transmission.
Zaparkovyvy a road train on long parking, especially on descent or lifting, accept all precautionary measures for reliable braking of the car and the trailer. Turn forward wheels of the car so that at a road train skatyvaniye they rested against a bordyurny stone. Completely cock the parking brake and transfer the lever of the selector of ranges to the situation "R". On equipped RKPP models include the first, or a reverse gear. In addition enclose under both wheels of the trailer protivootkatny boots.
Management of road train at movement by a backing presents certain difficulties and demands from the driver of special skills and training. Move a backing carefully and slowly, do not rotate unduly quickly a steering wheel. When maneuvering by a backing in the constrained conditions it is useful, that someone, standing outside, watched movings of the trailer and directed your actions. Keep in mind that at rotation of a steering wheel clockwise (to the right) the trailer moves to the left, and on the contrary. When maneuvering road train by a backing it is recommended to hold a rim of a steering wheel from below (instead of from above, as usual, at movement by a forward course). At such successful fellow habitual compliance between the direction of turn of a steering wheel and trailer movement remains: hand shift to the left leads to trailer turn also to the left and on the contrary.