Honda Accord

1998-1999 of release

Repair and car operation



Honda Chord
- Honda Accord brand cars
   Identification numbers of the car
   Acquisition of spare parts
   Technology of service, tool and workplace equipment
   Poddomkrachivaniye and towage
   Security system of an audio equipment
   Engine start from the auxiliary power supply
   Automobile himikaliya, oils and greasings
   Diagnostics of malfunctions of knots and car systems
   - Governing bodies and operation receptions
      Access, protection
      Elements of systems of safety of the car
      Car equipment, arrangement of devices and governing bodies
      Comfort
      Operation receptions
+ Settings and routine maintenance
+ Engine
+ Systems of cooling, heating
+ Power supply system and release
+ engine Electric equipment
+ Engine management
+ gear shifting Box
+ Coupling and power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment
+ electric equipment Schemes





Elements of systems of safety of the car

(1) — A cabin with the strengthened racks
(2) — Zones of deformation breaking fall
(3) — Seats with backs
(4) — Head restraints
(5) — A steering column developing at blow

(6) — Seat belts
(7) — Forward safety cushions
(8) — Devices automatic натя
niya of seat belts (additional complete set)
(9) — Lateral safety cushions (an additional complete set)


Cars considered in the real Management are equipped with a complex of the means intended for protection of the driver and passengers in case of a road accident. The seat belts established on all seats of the car, and the other devices which are effectively supplementing belts here enter.

Some components of system of safety, being an integral part of a design of the car, do not demand additional attention from the owner transport means. The strong steel frame forming a design of a cabin in which the salon, forward and back zones of the deformation absorbing energy of blow at collision is located belongs to their number; a safety steering column developing at blow; and as devices of an automatic tension of seat belts (an additional complete set) which automatically carry out a tension of belts in case of blow.

Seat belts

For safety of the driver and passengers all seats of the car are equipped with seat belts.

In the dashboard of some models the special krolny lamp reminding to the driver and passengers about need to be fastened by seat belts is built in.

Safety cushions of the driver and passenger

The standard complete set of some models includes system of additional safety of SRS which is better known as safety cushions, intended for protection of the driver and the forward passenger against heading or a breast about steering the wheel/dashboard in case of strong front blow.

Also lateral safety cushions providing protection of the driver and the forward passenger at lateral blows can enter into an additional complete set.


The owner of the car equipped with SRS system is obliged to know the most important points about a design and a principle of action of elements of system:

a) Existence of safety cushions cannot excuse neglect of application of seat belts at all. SRS should be used only in a compartment with belts and other means of passive safety;
b) Forward safety cushions do not provide protection in case of lateral blow, and also at blow behind. Besides, operation of modules occurs only at the directed blows of high intensity, i.e. the system does not provide protection at weak head-on collisions;
c) Lateral safety cushions do not provide protection in case of a head-on collision and blow behind, besides, they work also only at excess by energy of lateral blow of some threshold of intensity that not always takes place at a car perevorachivaniye;
d) Operation of a safety cushion can put a trauma.

Effectively to execute the protective function, the pillow of an ezopasnost should be developed from the combined condition in working for very short time. Therefore a safety cushion, protecting the driver / the forward passenger from heavy mutilations, in some cases saving their life, can become the travmirovaniye reason, and sometimes and serious mutilations up to a lethal outcome if the driver or the forward passenger were not properly fastened by seat belts or occupied supernumerary situation on seats.

To reduce probability of a travmirovaniye a pillow, it is necessary гда to be fastened all by seat belts and to settle down on a driver's seat on the greatest possible removal from the helmsman of the wheel/dashboard.

Provision of seats and their backs

The design of seats of the car guarantees the maximum comfort to the person sitting in them, at the same time providing conditions of the most effective implementation of the functions with belts and safety cushions. Soft stuffing of pillows and backs provides additional protection sitting in emergencies.

Adjustment of provision of a seat as influences safety of the person sitting in it. For example, too close provision of a seat to the helmsman of the wheel/dashboard increases risk of a travmirovaniye at safety cushion operation, and as risk of ejection sitting through a windshield.

The increase in an inclination of a back of a seat will worsen body fixing by a seat belt, - the more the back is inclined back, the probability of a proskalzyvaniye of a body under zone section of a seat belt is higher at strong front blow, and the can be traumatized more hard.

Fix the provision of a forward seat in the most remote from the helmsman of the wheel/dashboard situation, a back bring into vertical situation.

Head restraints

Head restraints prevent a travmirovaniye of cervical department of a backbone and the head at blow behind. The head restraint should be adjusted on height so that its top cut was flush with the upper edge of an ear sitting.

Instructions for use means of passive safety of the driver and passengers

Stated below the instruction acquaint the reader with ways of ensuring the maximum protection of all people who were in the car.

Doors

After the driver and all passengers took the places in salon, be convinced that all doors of the car are densely closed.
The car is equipped with a special control lamp which lights up at leaky closing of one or several doors of the car.

Forward seats

The driver sitting too close to the dashboard is exposed to the increased risk of a travmirovaniye, up to receiving serious mutilations and a lethal outcome from blow about a steering wheel or at safety cushion operation, in case of a road accident.

In order to avoid risk of a travmirovaniye, properly fasten a seat belt, bring a seat back into vertical situation and densely nestle on it a back, having removed at this seat in the situation most remote from a steering wheel. Thus, certainly, the driver should provide to itself the good review and possibility of a convenient manipulation with all governing bodies the car. Be convinced that the seat of the forward passenger also is most removed from the dashboard.

Too close provision of seats of the driver and the forward passenger to the helmsman of the wheel/dashboard in case of a road accident can lead to receiving serious traumas or even to a deadly outcome.

Try to have always forward seats on the maximum removal from modules of safety cushions.
The vast majority of drivers (even low growth) can remove most far a driver's seat from a steering wheel, freely getting thus to pedals. However, if you are disturbed by too close provision of a driver's seat to a steering wheel, originators of the real Management recommend to you to pay attention to some types of auxiliaries, - at firm car repair shops of the Honda company always it is possible to receive exhaustive information on the matter.

Having convinced of correctness the provision of a seat, check reliability of its fixing. Instructions on regulirovkepolozheniye of forward seats are provided in the Section the car Equipment, an arrangement of devices and governing bodies.

Adjust an inclination of a back of a driver's seat, having brought it into the most convenient for your constitution, most approached to vertical situation, having left thus to tatochny space between a thorax and a nave of a steering wheel in which the pillow безопа to Nosta is built in. Remember that excessively close arrangement of the driver / the forward passenger to the dashboard considerably increases risk of receiving traumas at operation of safety cushions.

Too strong inclination of a back of a seat leads to that the humeral section of a belt will not nestle on a thorax that in an essential measure reduces efficiency of protective functions of a belt. The more the back of a seat is inclined back, the probability of a proskalzyvaniye of a body sitting under on yasnichny section is higher at strong front blow of the car, and the can be traumatized more hard. Instructions on adjustment of backs of a seat are provided in the Section the car Equipment, an arrangement of devices and governing bodies.

Head restraints

Before a start of motion make sure that the provision of head restraints on each of seats corresponds to necessary requirements, providing due protection of cervical department of a backbone and the head sitting at blow behind. The head restraint should be adjusted on height so that its central part was flush with a nape. If it is not possible to achieve it, it is necessary to establish a head restraint in extreme top on a lozheniye.

Wrong on a lozheniye of head restraints reduces efficiency of their protective functions and increases risk of receiving serious traumas as a result of a road accident. Instructions on adjustment of provision of head restraints are provided in the Section the car Equipment, an arrangement of devices and governing bodies.

Seat belts

Latch a bracket of a buckle of a belt in the lock, then pull for a strap of humeral section up, checking reliability of fixing of a bracket in the lock. Make sure that the strap of a belt is not overwound, - the overwound belt in itself is dangerous.

As much as possible lower zone section of a belt, having placed it as it is possible below on hips. Having pulled for humeral section, choose a weak point and try to achieve a dense prileganiye of a belt to a body. In case of need tighten a belt and achieve a dense prileganiye of its humeral section to a trunk. The strap should pass through a thorax sitting on a diagonal so that loading at blow fell generally on the strongest top part of a torso.

Negligence to application of seat belts is fraught with receiving heavy traumas in case of a road accident.


The driver of a vehicle, having fastened by the seat belt, should check, that all passengers also were properly fastened.

The correct provision of zone section of a belt will provide the safest repayment of inertia of a body at failure, holding it for strong bones of a coxofemoral joint. If the strap passes through a hand shoulder, it is necessary to correct the provision of the top anchor fastening of a belt on a car rack.

To adjust the provision of the top anchor of fastening of a belt, press buttons of a clamp and shift fastening up or down on built in in a rack directing, achieving the correct provision of humeral section of a belt concerning a neck. Fastening has four fixed situation.

At all do not pass humeral section of a belt near at hand and do not get it for a back, is it can appear it is fraught with the most serious consequences at failure.


Incorrectly functioning seat belt cannot provide appropriate protection of the driver/passenger in case of a road accident. The wrong using belts is inadmissible involves serious risk of receiving traumas, on vrezhdeny and even a lethal outcome. In the absence of confidence of correctness of adjustments, charge to specialists of car repair shop of the Honda company how to carry out check of functioning of seat belts. Additional information on seat belts on the car представле on in the Section the car Equipment, an arrangement of devices and governing bodies.

Steering column

The steering column should be adjusted so that the nave of a steering wheel was opposite to a thorax of the driver. Situation at which the nave of a steering wheel on is gone opposite to a face of the driver, is wrong as reduces protective functions of the forward safety cushion built in in it. The description of procedure of adjustment the provision of a steering wheel the car Equipment, an arrangement of devices and governing bodies are given in the Section.

Landing to a seat

After the driver and all passengers took the places in car salon, adjusted the provision of the seats and put on seat belts, they should give the correct situation to the body, having densely nestled a back on a back of a seat and having firmly put feet on a salon floor. Feet should not come off a floor up to a full stop of the car and engine switching off.

Violation of correctness of landing during movement increases risk of receiving a trauma as a result of a road accident. So, if passengers sit having bent, lie, turn in the parties, bend forward or sideways, get on a seat with feet, the risk of receiving by them serious mutilations as a result of failure considerably increases.

Besides, the forward passengers occupying the wrong situation on seats, can get serious traumas from parts of internal furnish of salon breaking as a result of emergency blow, or from operation of a forward safety cushion.

If on the car equipped with lateral safety cushions the head of the forward passenger during movement is inclined sideways and is in an area of coverage of operation of a safety cushion, the risk of receiving by it extremely raises at failure of serious traumas and mutilations.

Try to observe the correct situation on a seat during вceй trips, holding a back densely pressed to a back of a seat and having put feet on a floor. Remember that vertical position of landing and competent use of seat belts increase efficiency of functioning of all elements of safety by which the car is equipped.

Recommendations for pregnant women

Safety of the pregnant woman at a road accident is the best way of preservation of a fruit. Therefore at movement on the car (as the driver or the passenger) the pregnant woman should be fastened without fail a seat belt, paying thus special attention to correctness of placement of its sections concerning the body.

When using belts of a diagonal and zone design it is necessary to remember that the zone section should settle down as it is possible below.


The pregnant woman also should occupy vertical situation on a seat. Thus the forward seat should be most far removed from the dashboard that will allow to reduce risk of receiving traumas or mutilations not only for mother, but also for a fruit in case of a road accident or operation of a forward safety cushion.

At each visit of the doctor at which you are observed during pregnancy, consult, whether it is desirable to operate for you the car.

Transportation of children

For safety of transportation of children of younger and middle age it is necessary to use special children's seats and means of fixing. In case of need consult at representatives Honda company service center.

Additional recommendations

It is forbidden to use the same seat belt for a pristegivaniye of two people at the same time. In this case the belt will not carry out the protective functions and at a road accident passengers can get heavy traumas.
Do not attach to straps of seat belts any slips and other subjects. Installation of additional subjects or change of provision of fastening of humeral section can reduce efficiency of action of seat belts and increase probability of a travmirovaniye at failure.

Have no firm or sharp subjects between the body and a forward safety cushion.

Transportation of firm or sharp subjects on a lap, or driving with a tube for smoking or other sharp subjects in a mouth at failure can lead to receiving heavy traumas.

For the purpose of prevention of risk of unauthorized operation of forward safety cushions try not to bring hands to the locations of their modules on the dashboard and a nave of a steering wheel.

On the models equipped with lateral safety cushions do not fix firm subjects to internal panels of forward doors or in close proximity to them. At operation of a lateral safety cushion holders for glasses or other subjects fixed on the internal panel of a forward door can be broken with risk of drawing of a trauma to the forward passenger.

Additional information on seat belts

Diagonal and zone seat belt

The scheme of laying and way of fastening of a seat belt of a diagonal and zone design is presented on an illustration.

To unfasten a belt, press the red button with an inscription of PRESS which is located on the case of the lock of a buckle. At belt taking-up by a drum of the returnable device it is necessary to hold it for a buckle bracket. After an exit from the car check, that the belt did not get to a doorway and it did not appear is clamped at a zakhlopyvaniye of the last.

Belts of a diagonal and zone design are equipped with the returnable device of the inertial type which drum, automatically chooses a weak point of straps and constantly supports a small preliminary tension of the belt pressed to a body. Inertial belts practically do not constrain movements of the person fastened by them and allow it to change a pose to a seat easily. At a road accident or sharp braking of the car the returnable device automatically blocks a seat belt, providing body fixing from dangerous movings.

Used on considered models of cars diagonal and zone seat belts on all seats, except lobbies, are supplied with the additional clamps providing possibility of reliable fixing of special children's seats. More detailed information on the matter can be received at firm car repair shops of the Honda company.

At a sharp pulling of humeral section of a belt the fixing mechanism of the returnable device is put in action. The drum blocks a belt, excepting possibility of dangerous moving of the passenger.

Automatic emergency natyazhitel of seat belts

On some models for the purpose of ensuring additional protection of the driver/passenger forward seat belts are supplied with devices which at operation provide an automatic tension of belts that helps to exclude possibility of dangerous movings of the driver and the passenger вслучае a road accident.


Operation of automatic emergency natyazhitel occurs at the directed overloads arising during a strong head-on collision. Emission of forward safety cushions is at the same time made.

At device operation the seat belt remains in a natyanutompolozheniye until the bracket of its buckle will not be taken out from the lock of the last.

Inclusion of a control lamp of systems of additional safety (SRS) warns the driver about possible malfunctions in devices of automatic emergency natyazhitel of belts in the Section the car Equipment, an arrangement of devices and governing bodies.

Anchor knots of fastening of seat belts

Forward seats

At replacement of belts безопасностиследует to be convinced of correctness of the chosen places of fastening. Places of fastening of seat belts are shown on illustrations.

System of additional safety (SRS)

Into number of devices and the components forming system of a dopolnitelnoybezopasnost (SRS) enter:

a) Two forward safety cushions. The module of a driver's safety cushion is placed in a nave of a steering wheel. The safety cushion of the forward passenger is placed in a special cavity in the right part of the dashboard of the car. The locations of both pillows are marked with precautionary inscriptions of "SRS AIRBAG";
b) The sensors of the directed overloads working at strong front blow;
c) Electronic system of self-diagnostics which at the included ignition provides continuous testing of sensors of overloads, the control unit, gas generators of pillows and connecting electroconducting of the corresponding chains;
d) Devices of an avtomaticheskogoavariyny tension of seat belts of forward seats (see above);
e) A control lamp of refusals SRS which has been built in in the dashboard (see. Section car Equipment, arrangement of devices and governing bodies);
f) The spare independent power supply intended for duplication of the main power supply system in case of its exit out of operation at collision of the car.

Principle of functioning of forward safety cushions

Sensors of the directed overloads react to excess of some limiting value, which може твозникнуть at a strong head-on collision. On a signal of sensors the control unit includes gas generators of safety cushions, causing their instant filling.

During collision the seat belt holds from shift the lower part of a trunk sitting. Forward safety cushions help to prevent a travmirovaniye of the driver and the forward passenger as a result of blow their head and a thorax about steering the wheel/dashboard.

As signals on operation of both safety cushions arrive from the same sensors, both pillows work at the same time. However, the probability of initiation only is not excluded by one of pillows. Such becomes possible when the size of the directed overloads which have arisen at collision was on the verge of a range of operation of gas generators. In this case seat belts provide rather reliable protection of the driver and the forward passenger while the effect from operation of a safety cushion will be minimum.

Right after operation and performance by pillows of the functions gas from them is issued that allows the driver to keep visibility and freely to manipulate all governing bodies the car.

Full duration of process from the moment of giving of a signal before production of gas from pillows occupies with sensors of overloads fractions of a second. Operation of pillows occurs so quickly that the human ear is simply incapable to apprehend cotton of gas generators when filling pillows.

After a road accident at which there was an operation of safety cushions, the volume of salon of the car looks slightly filled with smoke. Actually it is a vzvestonkodispersny powder by which covers of pillows in the combined condition are usually poured. People with a disease of respiratory organs can feel a certain discomfort from the gaseous products containing in air allocated by gas generators of pillows.

Order of functioning of a control lamp of refusals of SRS

The control lamp of SRS is built in in an instrument guard of the car and intended for the prevention of the driver about revealed by self-diagnostics system refusals in system of additional system of safety. On some updatings of the car operation of a control lamp testifies to possible malfunctions in blocks of lateral safety cushions or devices of an automatic emergency tension of seat belts.

At ignition inclusion (the ignition key will turn in the situation "ON" [II]) the control lamp lights up for short time, then at once dies away that confirms about serviceability of functioning of all knots of system.

At any operation of a control lamp during any other moment the owner of the car should address at the first possibility for the help to specialists of car repair shop of the Honda company. The following belongs to number of such situations:

a) The control lamp does not join at ignition key turn in the situation ON (II);
b) The control lamp continues to burn after implementation of start of the engine;
c) The control lamp joined and burns in a constant or blinking mode during movement the car
In the presence of listed above at malfunction signs the additional system of safety can refuse at car failure.

Negligence to signals of a control lamp of SRS can at a message to the most serious consequences at refusal of safety cushions during a road accident.

Additional information on lateral safety cushions

On some models as an additional complete set lateral safety cushions of the driver and the forward passenger can be established. Modules of pillows are built in in external end faces of backs of forward seats. The locations of both lateral pillows are marked with "SIDEAIRBAG" inscriptions. A control lamp of SRS on an instrument guard of the car срабатываеттакже at detection of malfunctions in chains of initiation of lateral pillows.

At strong lateral blow sensors of the directed overloads fix excess by arising loadings of some threshold value and give out information signal on the control unit which develops command for operations of a gas generator of the corresponding lateral safety cushion. Thus, if the blow has from a passenger seat, the passenger lateral pillow will work even in the absence of the passenger on a forward seat.

For ensuring the greatest efficiency of protection which is provided by safety cushions, the driver and the passenger sitting on a forward seat, should sit directly and to be fastened by seat belts.

Maintenance of the elements SRS

Safety cushions and devices of an automatic emergency tension of seat belts, practically do not need regular checks and maintenance. However the owner of the vehicle equipped as appropriate should mean the next moments:

a) After operation of safety cushions they are subject to obligatory replacement together with the system control unit. Do not try to dismantle fulfilled pillows independently. These operations should be carried out only in the conditions of a car-care center workshop;
b) If operation of a control lamp of SRS indicates refusal existence in system, it is necessary to address immediately on the closest car repair shop of the Honda company where complete diagnostics and necessary regenerative repair of system will be made. Otherwise safety cushions can not work at a road accident and not execute the protective function;
c) Specially trained personnel is allowed to works with knots of additional system of safety only. It is forbidden to dismantle independently from the car of a safety cushion and avaiyny natyazhitel of seat belts. In default SRS or after under abnormal condition operation of safety cushions and natyazhitel of seat belts is necessary to address at Honda company car repair shop for carrying out repair or replacement of knots of system;
d) Do not open modules and do not change electroconducting of systems of safety cushions and devices of an automatic emergency tension of seat belts, - such intervention can lead to involuntary operation of pillows and natyazhitel and be at the bottom of a travmirovaniye of the performer пи the people who were nearby;
e) Do not make replacement of forward seats without receiving preliminary consultation at Honda company car repair shop.

Inaccurate or incorrect performance of replacement or removal of covers can lead to refusal of operation of lateral safety cushions in case of a road accident.

Danger of poisoning with carbon monooxide (WITH)

The composition of the fulfilled gases of the engine includes extremely toxic monooxide of carbon (WITH). At serviceable final system and the correct operation of the car, the fulfilled gases of the engine should not get to car salon. Try a proveryattekhnichesky condition of system of production of the fulfilled gases and tightness of connections of its pipelines in the following cases:

a) At the next replacement of engine oil when the car is established on the lift;
b) At change of character of the noise published by final system appreciable aurally;
c) After failure in which the details located under the bottom of the car could be damaged.

Monooxide of carbon is toxic gas. Inhalation of oxide of carbon causes loss сознанияи can lead to a deadly outcome. Be careful to be in the closed, not aired room or to perform works at which you are compelled to breathe the air containing oxide of carbon in big concentration! In the closed rooms with bad ventilation, for example, in garage concentration WITH can quickly increase to dangerous value. Therefore it is forbidden to leave the engine working at the closed gate of garage. Even at open gate do not leave the engine working long time. At once after start of the engine it is necessary to leave garage and to continue engine warming up on the street.


At movement with an open door a back/cover of a luggage compartment the fulfilled gases of the engine can get to salon of the car and create a dangerous situation. If there is a situation when to close a door/cover it is not obviously possible, it is necessary to open completely all windows and to include ventilation and air conditioning system.

At stay in the car with the engine working at single turns (even on the open area), make the following inclusions:

a) Include system of ventilation of salon in a mode of inflow of fresh air;
b) Turn on the heater fan for the maximum speed;
c) Establish a regulator comfortable level of air temperature.

Placement of plates with preventions of potential danger

Plates settle down in the places specified an illustrations and are intended for the prevention of possible danger. The neglect these preventions is fraught with serious consequences. Attentively familiarize with the text of preventions.

 

On the bottom party of a cowl the following warning plates are fixed:

SRS safety cushion

SRS safety cushion

Sign of the prevention of potential danger.

The prevention of need to follow the instructions stated in the maintenance instruction of the car.